Mahendra Singh Dhoni ; commonly known as MS Dhoni; born 7 July 1981) is an Indian cricketer who captained the Indian team in limited-overs formats from 2007 to 2016 and in Test cricket from 2008 to 2014. An attacking right-handed middle-order batsman and wicket-keeper, he is widely regarded as one of the greatest finishers in limited-overs cricket.He is also regarded to be one of the best wicket-keepers in world cricket and is known to have very fast hands.He made his One Day International (ODI) debut in December 2004 against Bangladesh, and played his first Test a year later against Sri Lanka.
Dhoni holds numerous captaincy records such as most wins by an Indian captain in Tests and ODIs, and most back-to-back wins by an Indian captain in ODIs. He took over the ODI captaincy from Rahul Dravid in 2007 and led the team to its first-ever bilateral ODI series wins in Sri Lanka and New Zealand. Under his captaincy, India won the 2007 ICC World Twenty20, the CB Series of 2007–08, the 2010 Asia Cup, the 2011 ICC Cricket World Cup and the 2013 ICC Champions Trophy. In the final of the 2011 World Cup, Dhoni scored 91 not out off 79 balls handing India the victory for which he was awarded the Man of the Match. In June 2013, when India defeated England in the final of the Champions Trophy in England, Dhoni became the first captain to win all three ICC limited-overs trophies (World Cup, Champions Trophy and the World Twenty20). After taking up the Test captaincy in 2008, he led the team to series wins in New Zealand and West Indies, and the Border-Gavaskar Trophy in 2008, 2010 and 2013. In 2009, Dhoni also led the Indian team to number one position for the first time in the ICC Test rankings. In 2013, under his captaincy, India became the first team in more than 40 years to whitewash Australia in a Test series. In the Indian Premier League, he captained the Chennai Super Kings to victory at the 2010 and 2011 seasons, along with wins in the 2010 and 2014 editions of Champions League Twenty20. He announced his retirement from Tests on 30 December 2014.
Dhoni holds the post of Vice-President of India Cements Ltd., after resigning from Air India. India Cements is the owner of the IPL team Chennai Super Kings, and Dhoni has been its captain since the first IPL season. Dhoni is the co-owner of Indian Super League team Chennaiyin FC.
Dhoni has been the recipient of many awards, including the ICC ODI Player of the Year award in 2008 and 2009 (the first player to win the award twice), the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna award in 2007 and the Padma Shri, India’s fourth highest civilian honour, in 2009. He was named as the captain of ICC World Test XI and ICC World ODI XI teams for 2009. The Indian Territorial Army conferred the honorary rank of Lieutenant Colonelto Dhoni on 1 November 2011. He is the second Indian cricketer after Kapil Dev to have received this honour. In 2011, Time magazine included Dhoni in its annual Time 100 list as one of the “Most Influential People in the World.”In 2012, SportsPro rated Dhoni as the sixteenth most marketable athlete in the world.In June 2015, Forbes ranked Dhoni at 23rd in the list of highest paid athletes in the world, estimating his earnings at US$31 millionIn 2016, a biopic M.S. Dhoni: The Untold Story was made on him.
Early life and background
Dhoni was born in Ranchi, Bihar (now in Jharkhand),and he identifies as being a Rajput. His paternal village Lvali is in the Lamgarha block of the Almora District of Uttarakhand. Dhoni’s parents, moved from Uttarakhand to Ranchi where his father Pan Singh worked in junior management positions in MECON. Dhoni has a sister Jayanti Gupta and a brother Narendra Singh Dhoni.Dhoni is a fan of Adam Gilchrist, and his childhood idols were cricket teammate Sachin Tendulkar, Bollywood actor Amitabh Bachchan and singer Lata Mangeshkar
Dhoni studied at DAV Jawahar Vidya Mandir, Shyamali, Ranchi, Jharkhand where he initially excelled in badminton and football and was selected at district and club level in these sports. Dhoni was a goalkeeper for his football team and was sent to play cricket for a local cricket club by his football coach. Though he had not played cricket, Dhoni impressed with his wicket-keeping skills and became the regular wicketkeeper at the Commando cricket club (1995–1998). Based on his performance at club cricket, he was picked for the 1997/98 season Vinoo Mankad Trophy Under-16 Championship and he performed well. Dhoni focused on cricket after his 10th standard.Dhoni was a Travelling Ticket Examiner (TTE) at Kharagpur railway station from 2001 to 2003, under South Eastern Railway in Midnapore (W), a district in West Bengal. His colleagues remember him as a very honest, straightforward employee of the Indian Railways. But he also had a mischievous side to his personality. Once, while staying at the railway quarters, Dhoni and a couple of his friends covered themselves in white bedsheets and walked around in the complex late in the night. The night guards were fooled into believing that there were ghosts moving around in the complex. The story made big news on the next day.
Indian Premier League
Dhoni was contracted by the Chennai Super Kings for 1.5 Million USD. This made him the most expensive player in the IPL for the first season auctions.Under his captaincy, Chennai Super Kings have won two Indian Premier League titles and the 2010 Champions League Twenty20. After the suspension of CSK for two years, he was bought by Rising Pune Supergiant for 1.9 Million USD in 2016, and was named captain. However his team finished in 7th place.
Dhoni is a right-handed batsman and wicket-keeper. Initially, Dhoni appeared as a middle-order attacking batsman but he gradually changed his style of playing with the occurrence of pressure situation and his growing responsibility as a Captain. He is praised by cricket experts for his mastermind captaincy. He is a most powerful hitter of the ball and one of the fastest man in running between the wickets.
His wicket-keeping skill is widely praised by cricket experts. He is quick when comes to stumping. He is the main wicket-keeper in the team but he occasionally bowls. He is also good finisher in limited overs game.
Dhoni married Sakshi Singh Rawat, his schoolmate in DAV Jawahar Vidya Mandir, Shyamali.a native of Dehradun, Uttarakhand, on 4 July 2010. At the time of their marriage, she was studying hotel management and was working as a trainee at the Taj Bengal, Kolkata. After the retirement of Sakshi’s father from his tea growing business, their family shifted to their native place, Dehradun.
The wedding took place one day after the couple got engaged.According to Bollywood actress Bipasha Basu, a close friend of Dhoni, the wedding was planned for months and was not a spur of the moment decision. Dhoni became father on 6 February 2015 to a baby girl named Ziva.
- Under Dhoni’s captaincy, India topped the Test cricket rankings for the first time, in 2009.
- As captain, Dhoni holds the record for longest unbeaten run in Tests from his debut with 11 (8 wins and 3 draws) beating former Australian captain Warwick Armstrong‘s 10. In his streak, however, there was a period of injury in which Virender Sehwag led the side (for 3 draws). So India’s unbeaten streak was for 14 tests, of which 11 were Dhoni’s.
- Dhoni is the first Indian wicket-keeper to complete 4,000 Test runs.
- Dhoni is the most successful Indian Test captain with 24 Test wins, eclipsing Sourav Ganguly‘s record of 21.
- Dhoni has the dubious distinction of an Indian captain with most Test defeats overseas with 11.
- Dhoni’s maiden century against Pakistan in Faisalabad (148) is the fastest century scored by an Indian wicket-keeper, and fourth overall.
- After hitting a six in third Test against England in Southampton, Dhoni completed 50 sixes as a captain, an Indian record.
- Dhoni shares the record for most dismissals in an innings (6, with Syed Kirmani) and in a match (9) by an Indian wicket-keeper.
- Dhoni, with 248 dismissals in his career, ranks one in the all-time dismissals list by Indian wicket-keepers.
- Dhoni is the second wicket-keeper to have effected 6 dismissals in an innings apart from a fifty in each inning of a Test after Denis Lindsay of South Africa.
- Dhoni’s 224 against Australia in Chennai is the second highest score by an Indian captain.En route to 224, Dhoni registered the highest Test score by an Indian wicket-keeper when he was on 193, beating Budhi Kunderan‘s 192. It was also the highest score by a wicket-keeper–captain beating Englishman Alec Stewart‘s 164.
- Dhoni is the first non-Australian captain and third overall to win 100 games.
- Dhoni’s 183* against Sri Lanka in 2005 is the highest score by a wicket-keeper.
- Dhoni has the fifth highest batting average (50.96), among cricketers with more than 5,000 runs. It is also the highest among wicket-keepers.
- Dhoni holds the records of the most dismissals in an innings (6) and career (357) by an Indian wicket-keeper.
- Dhoni’s 113 against Pakistan in Chennai in 2012 is the highest by a captain batting at number 7.
- In 2017, Dhoni became first Indian and fifth overall to hit 200 sixes in ODIs.
- Holds the record for playing the most number of matches in ODI history as captain who has also served as a wicketkeeper(199)
- Most career runs in ODI history when batting at number 6 position(3613)
- Most career hundreds in ODI cricket when batting at number 7 position or lower(2)
- He holds the record for playing the most T20I innings before scoring a fifty(66)
- First player to score 1000 runs in T20Is without even scoring a career half-century and also holds the record for scoring the most career runs in T20I history before first fifty(1153)
- Holds the record for playing the most number of matches in T20I history as captain who has also served as a wicketkeeper(72)
- Most matches as captain in T20I history(72)
- Holds the record for the most dismissals as wicketkeeper in T20Is(65)
- Most catches as wicketkeeper in T20 Internationals(42)
- Holds the joint record for taking the most catches as wicketkeeper in a T20I innings(4)
- Holds the record for playing the most consecutive T20I innings without a duck(65)
- He set the record for winning the most T20I matches as captain(41)
International Records(combined ODI,test and T20I)
- Dhoni is the first wicket-keeper to effect 150 stumping dismissals in three forms of the game.In fact,holds the record to effect most international stumpings(155)
- He has played the most number of international matches as captain(331)
- He has hit the most international sixes as captain(204)
- Most Times Bowled in International Cricket While Playing as a Wicket-Keeper(9 times)
|Dhoni’s results in international matches|
Ms Dhoni is only captain to win all ICC tournament cups.
|Captaincy Record in Test Matches|
|At Home Venues||2008–2013||30||21||3||0||6|
|At Away Venues||2009–2014||30||6||15||0||9|
|Captaincy Record in One Day Internationals|
|In India (At Home Venues)||2007–2016||73||43||26||1||3|
|At Away and Neutral Venues||2008–2016||126||67||48||3||8[|
|Captaincy Record in Twenty20 Internationals|
|In India (At Home Venues)||2007–2016||20||10||10||0||0|
|At Away Venues||2007–2016||23||13||10||0||0|
|At Neutral Venues||2007–2016||29||18||8||1||2|
Co-owner of Ranchi Rays
Co-owner of Chennaiyin FC
Mahi Racing Team India
A biographical film based on the life of Dhoni, titled M.S. Dhoni: The Untold Story, was released on 30 September 2016.